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Developed by Germanwatch, NewClimate Institute and CAN, CICC analyzes and compares climate change mitigation efforts in 60 countries (plus the EU as a whole) with the highest emissions. Together, these countries account for 90 percent of global emissions. The index aims to improve the transparency of international climate policy and allow comparison of mitigation efforts and progress made by each country.
- The Scandinavian countries, with the United Kingdom and Morocco, lead the “race to zero”
- Australia, South Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Kazakhstan are among the worst performers
- The Netherlands and Greece are the biggest climbers since last year, while Latvia, Croatia, Belarus and Algeria fell in the rankings
Scandinavian countries are leading the way in climate protection, with Morocco and the UK. Leaders Denmark, Sweden, and Norway ranks four to six in the new Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2022. Places one to three remain vacant again because no country has so far been sufficient to achieve an overall score “Very high” – none are following the path necessary to keep global warming within 1.5 ° C.
The Scandinavian countries have achieved the best results mainly thanks to their remarkable efforts in renewable energies. In particular, Norway stands out as the only country to have obtained a “very high” score in this category. The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Russian Federation are the least efficient countries in terms of renewable energies, with a “very low” score. The UK and Morocco, ranked 7th and 8th overall, were among the leaders in all categories. The UK also performs well in terms of measuring greenhouse gas emissions.
In the general classification, Australia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Saudi Arabia and South Korea are among the least efficient. Australia receives “very low” scores in each CICC category and slips four places in the overall standings. The Netherlands and Greece are the greatest climbers, while Croatia, Belarus and Algeria fall into most of the category rankings. Among the G20 countries, only the EU, along with the UK and India, rank among the best performing countries, while six G20 countries perform very poorly. Hungary and Slovenia are the worst performing EU countries this year.
In the CICC Climate Policy category, many ambitious states are clearly committed to the path of climate neutrality, including the Scandinavian states, Morocco, Netherlands, Portugal, and France. Germany and the EU follow at a certain distance in the upper middle levels. However, five EU states are also poorly ranked. The lowest ranked EU countries are: Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Czech Republic. At the bottom of the table are the biggest laggards: Australia – with the worst possible score – is consistently lower than Brazil and Algeria.
The largest transmitter in the world, China, slips from four places to 37th, with an overall “low” rating. Its main problems are high emissions and very low energy efficiency. In both areas, the 2030 goals are also far from being a path compatible with the Paris Agreement. In contrast, China’s trend in renewable energies is very good, even ahead of Germany (23rd). The first year of the Biden administration has a positive impact on the performance of the United States. In last year’s CICC, the United States was at the bottom, but this year it climbs six places to 55th, while remaining in the “very low” ranks.
India retains its 10th place in the ranking and is performing very well with the exception of its ranking in the renewable energy category, where it is classified as “average”. The country still benefits from its relatively low per capita emissions. However, in the medium term these are increasing rapidly and only the ambitious implementation of strong climate targets can prevent India from falling in the CCPI rankings. PM Modi’s announcements on increasing the 2030 targets look promising but are not yet included in the rankings.
Contact for more information: Niklas Höhne, Leonardo Nascimento